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Home » Blog » How to Choose a Fishing Rod for Saltwater

How to Choose a Fishing Rod for Saltwater

Saltwater fishing is done from beaches, rocks, piers or boats of different sizes. When choosing a saltwater fishing rod, the following factors will be considered:

1:Types of Saltwater Fishing Rod Materials
2:Action of the Saltwater Fishing Rod
3:Saltwater Rod Power(Rod Weight)
4:Saltwater Rod Guides
5:Saltwater Rod Handle
6:Saltwater Rod Portability

Suppose you want to fish from a kayak or a boat, but you don’t know how to choose a saltwater fishing rod. Read on!I will tell you the basics of saltwater fishing rod construction and you can make the best choice for your needs.

Types of Saltwater Fishing Rod Materials

First of all, you need to choose the material of the fishing rod; the most common thing at present is fiberglass, graphite, and composite materials.


The most widely used material for sea fishing rods at present. Sturdiness and durability are the biggest advantages. It can withstand the blow of ferocious seawater. And it is easy to make and relatively cheap. But their disadvantage is that they are relatively heavy. If you need to fight with fish for a long time, then their weight will make you very tired. It’s difficult for anglers to detect subtle strikes or bait pickups.


Graphite has the advantage of being highly sensitive and is excellent for detecting subtle picks and blows and for sensing the fight of different game fish. It is brittle because it is relatively hard. It may be damaged during fishing due to the blow of seawater and boats. And it is more expensive than fiberglass.

Composite material: 

It is a combination of fiberglass and graphite. It has both the toughness and durability of glass fiber and the high sensitivity and operability of graphite. The disadvantage is that it is expensive.

Action of the Saltwater Fishing Rod

Action controls the speed at which the rod goes from “loaded” back to its original action is generally divided into

Extra-Fast, Fast Action, Medium Action, Slow Action


Graphic by Joseph Price

Extra-Fast Action

The main advantage of the Extra Fast Blank is its high sensitivity and quick response, which brings out the power of the blank when fighting a fish. The Speedy Blank is stiffer than the Slow/Soft Blank and it transmits the vibrations to your hand more powerfully. Worm and jig presentations are the main techniques for Extra-Fast blanks.

Extra Fast action rods are easier to hook when fishing vertically than horizontally. Using this action rods are best for pole fishing with worm, jigging, or live bait fishing. Great using for Yellow Perch, or Green Sunfish, Bluegill, Crappie, or Smallmouth Bass.

Fast (Heavy) Action

Extra-Fast Action and Fast Action are suitable for casting heavy lures at close range; they need heavy lureslines, and fishing reels.

Fast action is a good choice when you want a van rod. The sensitivity of the fast tune is very good, and it balances the conduction speed while providing some forgiveness. You can catch large tuna and billfish.

Medium Action

Medium action is usually used for big fish and works very well with surface lures or some reaction baits. When using these lures for big fish, you don’t really need to be sensitive to the bite, so the medium action can reduce some sensitivity in exchange for greater casting distance. The greater flex of the mid-tone makes it more flexible so that the lure can be thrown farther.

The mid-tone is also designed to unload slowly so that even a big fish shuffling its gills or shaking its head in the water can’t get rid of the hook. The purpose of the mid-tone is to keep the line from slackening during the fight and to ensure that the hook is always in tension so that the hook does not escape from the fish’s mouth.

Slow (Light) Action

The slow action rod is designed to cast small and light lures because of its parabolic bend and thin line to “catapult” small lures out.

Slow rods take time to get the hook into the fish’s mouth. Triple hooks work especially well in these situations because their small tips require less pressure to penetrate the fish.

The downside of slow jigs is that they are less likely to set the hook. Unlike fast rods, the flex of the rod requires you to pull back farther when the fish is hooked. But once hooked, it is much easier to maintain the proper tension on the fish.I recommend to you our slow pitch jigging reel.

If you like fishing for Panfish or Trout, you will love it!

Saltwater Rod Power(Rod Weight)

Power is the ability of a fishing rod to withstand pressure. You need to match the line and reel to the corresponding rod power in order to catch fish.

Ultralight rods (UL or 1)

Suitable for fish under 5 pounds, like trout and flounder. It requires a lure of 1/32 to 3/8oz and already 2-4 pounds of line.

Light rods (L or 2)

Suitable for lightly biting fish such as panfish, marlin, and trout. Use 1/16 oz. Lures with 4-6 lb. line.

Medium rods (ML/m or 3/4)

Suitable for medium freshwater and saltwater fish. Suitable for 1/8 to 3/4 ounce lures. Use 6 to 12 lb. line.

Heavy rods (MH/H or 5/6)

Suitable for heavy saltwater fishing, use 3/8 to 1 oz. Lures with 10-25 lb. line.

Extra Heavy rods (EH or 7)

Suitable for super large saltwater fish with 3/4-2 oz. Lures. 25+ lb. line.

Rod Length

Rods range in length from 4 feet to 14 feet, from close-in rods to long casting rods. Shorter rods below 7 feet are preferred for heavier fish and inshore fishing with limited casting distance. Longer rods seven feet and longer are suitable for long casting distances; they are preferred by inshore anglers and surf fishermen.

But shorter rods allow you to control it better, so 5- 7 foot rods are the choice of most people.

Saltwater Fishing Rod Guides

Guides keep the fishing line in a straight line. When buying a fishing rod, you need to pay attention to the number of guides.

Generally speaking the more guides the better. This is because the guides will share the pressure of the line on the rod.

It is best to pick guides that have a ceramic coating on the inside. this makes the line move more smoothly on the rod.

Saltwater Fishing Rod Handle

The rod handle is the one you need to touch the longest. 


The fishing rod handle is also very important because you are going to use it for a long time. 

There are two common materials used for fishing rod handles, cork and EVA foam. 

Most anglers prefer cork. It is more sensitive than foam and can transmit vibrations faster. 

EVA foam is cheaper than cork, more durable, and not as easily scratched as cork. 

Long handle rods are good for long casts er short handle rods are good for short casts.


The most common rod handle shapes are pistol grip and trigger grip. 

The pistol style handle is designed to wrap around your index finger for precise fishing action. 

Trigger grips allow you to cast with both hands, allowing you to cast farther

Saltwater Fishing Rod Portability

Many professional anglers prefer to use one-piece fishing rods because they are very sturdy and very well coordinated overall. But you can’t take it with you on a trip.

Detachable rods can be disassembled into two or three pieces. If you want to travel by plane or train, you can take them off and put them in your backpack.

Conclusion about Choose a Fishing Rod for Saltwater

In conclusion, selecting the right fishing rod for saltwater fishing involves considering the materials used, rod length, and rod guides. Fiberglass, graphite, and composite materials offer different qualities to suit various angling needs. The length of the rod should be chosen based on the fishing technique and target species. Lastly, corrosion-resistant rod guides ensure optimal performance and durability in saltwater environments. By understanding these factors, you can make an informed decision and enhance your saltwater fishing experience.

FAQ About Choose a Fishing Rod for Saltwater

Q:How to Take Care of Saltwater Fishing Rods?

A:Rinse the rod thoroughly in fresh water, especially the guides and reel seat, and towel dry.

Periodically remove the reel from the rod and lubricate the reel seat, fasteners, and any roller guides.

Check the guides for pitting or corrosion and inspect the guide wraps for signs of wear.

Q:I need a short rod that will stow in my small cabin that can still cast somewhat. I was thinking around 4-5 feet. Biggest fish I’ll realistically be catching is probably 8 pounds.

Please let me know if you have any recommendations.

A:I’d like to get a basic saltwater combo in the 40-60$ range.

Get a medium or medium/heavy rod/spinning reel combo around 7ft, and you can get a 2-piece rod so when it breaks down, you can fit it in just about any small space as it will be shorter than 4 feet.

I have one that I bought about 15 years ago, and that rod has caught tons of fish. The reel has seen better days but is still completely functional.

I think that’s a great starting point; after you’ve fished it a while and decided what you do and don’t like, you’ll have more specifics as to what kind of setup you want; until then just have fun with some cheap gear.

Q: So, what are the variables that need to be considered prior to choose the best rod for bass fishing?

A: The best rod is going to depend on what you’re throwing more than anything. Lure weight and action need to line up with the presentation to keep the hook in.

Q: What gear should I have for saltwater fishing? (Size rod and reel, lures, line, leader, weights) Gulf of Mexico, surf and pier

A:Medium action to heavy your choice. Spinning cast reel or level wind. 30 to 50 pound braided line. Your rigging is up to you depending on how your fishing, if you’re bottom fishing I suggest a Knocker rig. with flourocarbon leader about 20 -30 lb. test line. If you’re casting don’r use the sliding weight just tie on to you’re leader matieriel with you’re tackle used. 



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